Joint family is the big part of the life; no one can live without the prosperous of their family. Everyone needs the family support due to any problem. When family comes together, then nobody can break it from togetherness. Everyone wants live with that family who helps in any problem at every walk of life.
“Love your family. Spend time, be kind & serve one another. Make no room for regrets. Tomorrow not promised & today is short.”
A joint family is an undivided family. Many members involve in the joint family where such as the one generation live together in an ordinary house.
A joint family is that family where some persons are living with together such as grandparents, father, mother, and children under the one roof.
A form of the joint family system in the mind of a member for example:
- Some members of the joint family share the some common rights in the household property.
- In the joint family, some members living with the expectation of making some financial contribution to the common fund.
- All homemakers of the joint family made the food in the shared kitchen.
- Family members make their daily expenditure from the ordinary family funds.
In some of the joint family such sons never get distant after marriage from their family, he lives together with their wife and children among the another family member on the one roof.
Generally, in the every joint family the subhead is the eldest member of the household. They restrict to the whole member by their power and functions. That chairman of the family is a trustee. He handled the economic and social decisions on behalf of the family.
There are some advantages and disadvantages of the joint family.
Advantage of joint family
The family always supports to the each and every family members. Whenever any problem is situated, then rarely other people helps, but family always supports each and other family members.
When the family is lives together, then in every festival creates so much pleasure and brings much happiness. Every moment of any festivals like Holi, Diwali, etc. people enjoys so much when they spent more time together and every movement of life.
Every family has the mutual adjustment and understanding. Naturally, those who are benefited by the generosity of others remain obliged and grateful.
Helps to better study of the children
In the big family, their kids study in the group according to their age matching. Naturally, the cousin’s study together, play together, quarrel together and even punished together.
Understanding during marriages
In marriages also the grooms for marriageable girls become a concern for all the elders in the family. Even if a daughter of a junior brother selected by someone because of her beauty or brilliance, he would not agree to her marriage until her senior cousin sister is married.
Minimum subsistence of the living
The necessities of all the family members taken care. Each member is guaranteed the lowest subsistence for the living.
The subjects in a joint family are self-imposed on its members. The head of the big family almost becomes its patriarch. The family prospers squarely if the patriarch and the other constituents observe the norms soundly and healthily.
The joint family system is the finally prevails the spirit of oneness.
Disadvantages of the joint family
There are different types of the disadvantages of the joint family, which is following such as:
Misbehavior in the partners
The misbehaviors’ of the partners in the joint family exploits the goodness and principled. It happens to only the income of the household.
Some of the joint family have many types of crook members, who exploits to the other innocent member of the household and also do the torture to them.
Money value among members
Almost, many people have this mentality to low that individuals who have little earned. High earning members often insults the small receiving members.
Burden in the joint family
The cost of education has gone up high. The high earning members often want their children to study in costly schools, but they don’t want to share the burden of the sons of the other officers of the family.
To great families, most of the important decisions made by the head of the household. Since all the individuals within the family don’t get the opportunity to participate in the main decisions of the family, they often feel lost or develop a feeling of inferiority complex.
The family is better than nuclear family due to the above advantages. But young generations are moving to towns and metro cities for searching of jobs, and then they live there. Due to space crunch in their home, income level and other reasons they can’t live with their parents, grandparents, etc.
The separation of families was evident in the joint families themselves. It happens when feelings of generosity, charity, and fellow-feeling not balanced by high moral line, character, and farsightedness. Joint family can be run successfully if the members remain committed to each other. The feeling of togetherness and selflessness is the essence of joint family.
Essay on Joint Family System – Definitions, Types and Characteristics – The joint family is also known as ‘undivided family’ and sometimes as ‘extended family’. It normally consists of members who at least belong to three generations: husband and wife, their married and unmarried children; and their married as well as unmarried grandchildren.
The joint family system constituted the basic social institution in many traditional societies, particularly in the Eastern societies. In India, this system prevailed among the Hindus as well as non-Hindus.
The Joint Family in India:
The joint family, the caste system and the village system are often regarded as the pillars on which the whole Hindu social edifice is built. The joint family is the bedrock, on which Hindu values and attitudes are built.
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It is found in almost all the parts of India. Family for a Hindu is a sacred institution deriving sanction from religion and social traditions with myths and legends. Hence this form of family is still found in India. It is deeply rooted in the traditional Hindu culture. It is an age-old system having a long history of its own
Definition of Joint Family:
(i) The joint family is a mode of combining smaller families into larger family units through tne extension of three or more generations including at least grandparents, parents and children.
(ii) The joint family is one which consists of members related through blood and spread over several generations living together under a common roof and work under a common head.
(iii) The definition given by Smt. Iravati Karve seems to be more satisfactory. According to her, the joint family may be defined as “a group of people who generally live under one roof who eat food cooked at one hearth, who hold property in common, and who participate in common family worship and are related to each other as some particular type of kindred”
Types of Joint Family
The joint family may assume two forms:
(i) Patriarchal joint family, and (ii) Matriarchal joint family. Both the forms are found in India. The patriarchal joint family is father-centred and the matriarchal joint family is mother-dominated.
The patriarchal joint families are found among the Nambudaris of Malabar, the Mundas of Chhotanagpur and the Angami Nagas of Assam. The Nambudari joint family is generally described as “Illom”. The matriarchal joint families are found among the Nairs of Malabar, the Khasis and Garos living on the Garo hills of Assam. The Nair joint family is popularly known as ‘ Tarawad’.
Characteristics of the Joint Family:
1. Depth of Generations:
The joint family consists of people of three or more generations including at least grandparents, parents and children. Sometimes, other kith and kin such as uncles, aunts, cousins and great grandsons also live in the joint family itself.
2. Common Roof:
Members of the joint family normally reside together under the same household. Due to the scarcity of accommodation or due to educational and employment problems, members of the joint family may reside separately. Still, they try to retain regular contacts and the feeling of belonging to the same family.
3. Common Kitchen:
Members eat the food prepared jointly at the common kitchen. Normally, the eldest female member of the family supervises the work at the kitchen. In the patriarchal joint families, women serve the food to men at first and take their meals afterwards.
4. Common Worship:
The Hindu joint family derives its strength from religion. Hence, it is associated with various religious rituals and practices. Every family may have its own deity of ‘Kula devata’ and its own religious tradition. Members of the family take part in common worship, rites and ceremonies.
5. Common Property:
The members hold a common property. As Melley writes: the joint family “is a co-operative institution similar to a joint stock company in which there is a joint property”. The head of the family manages the family property like a trustee. The total earnings of the members are pooled into a family treasury and family expenses are met with out of that,
6. Exercise of Authority:
In the patriarchal joint family usually the eldest male member exercises authority. The super-ordination of the eldest member and the subordination of all the other members to him is a keynote of the joint family. His commands are normally obeyed by others. As opposed to it, in the matriarchal joint family the eldest female member in theory exercises the supreme authority.
7. Arranged Marriages:
In the joint family, the head considers it as his privilege to arrange the marriages of the members. The individual’s right to select his/her life-partner is undermined. The younger members rarely challenge their decisions and arrangements. But now-a-days, the feelings of younger ones are being given due weightage.
The size of the joint family is by nature bigger. It is found to be associated with higher rate of production. It is so because in the past procreation was regarded as a religious duty. Members rarely practised birth control measures. But today the situation has changed.
9. Identification with obligations towards the Family:
The members tend to identify themselves with their family. Every member has his own duties and obligations towards the family. The family in turn, protects the interests and promotes the welfare of all. The senior-most member of the family acts as the guide for other members.
There was a time when the joint family was mostly self-sufficient. It used to meet the economic, recreational, medical, educational and other needs of the members. The rural agricultural joint families were mostly self-reliant. But they can hardly depend on themselves today. No type of family is self-reliant that way today.