Case Study Format Example Medical Certificate

Guidelines – Case Studies

Case Reports are an in-depth study of one individual. Case Series are reports involving more than 1 and no more than 5 patients of a similar situation. A prospective case study involves following an individual over time and observing outcomes whereas a retrospective case study involves looking at historical information on the individual to determine if there is a presence of risk factors that may have contributed to the outcome of interest. Case reports should include a critical review of relevant literature including search strategies used, description of case and its uniqueness in context to the literature review presentation of different clinical outcomes and management strategies where applicable, and implications for clinical practice.

Important for this type of submission is informed consent for each patient represented in each submitted manuscript in order to maintain patient confidentiality. Please view more information on the informed consent requirements in the Informed Consent and Human/Animal Rights Section.


Order of Sections

  1. Title Page
  2. Abstract
  3. Introduction and Patient Profile
  4. Interventions and Outcomes
  5. Discussion
  6. Bulleted Learning Points
  7. References
  8. Illustrations (Figure/Tables)


Manuscript Limits

  1. Total Length: up to 1000 words (not including abstract, illustrations, and references)
  2. Abstract Length: up to 150 words
  3. Table/Figure Limits: up to 3 tables and figures
  4. Bulleted Learning Points: minimum of 3 required, maximum of 6 (30 word max per point)
  5. References: up to 15 references


Title Page

The title page should carry the following information:

    • Article Title (concise information about the study, limited to 100 characters)
    • Author Names (Mark D. Smith B.S.1*, Jeremy Michael Howes M.S.2, Jessica P. Masters M.D. Ph. D.1,2)
    • Institutional Affiliations of all authors in order of appearance in author names (1 College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA. 2 Dept. of Internal Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA)
    • Contact information for corresponding author(s) including address, email, phone, and fax. The corresponding author should indicate clearly whether his or her e-mail address can be published. Corresponding author(s) is indicated with asterisk by name in author listing; the medical students should be corresponding author.
    • Short Title (50 character limit shorter title for headers)
    • Key Phrases – Relevant words or short phrases that aid search engines or indexes in finding your work (use MeSH headings if possible). Use key phrases that are not present in the title. Maximum of 6, e.g. (Pemphigus, Bullous Skin Disorder, Autoimmune, Blistering, Skin Diseases, Monoclonal Antibody)
    • Disclaimers, if any
    • Word Count: Abstract and Body (excluding abstract, illustrations, and references)
    • Table and Figure Count
    • Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these
    • Conflict of Interest Statement



Abstracts are the only substantive portion of the article indexed in many electronic databases, and the only portion many readers read. Authors must be careful that they accuratelyreflect the content of the article in the abstract. This description should include:

  • Context or background for the study
  • Purpose, basic procedures, main findings, and principal conclusions
  • Emphasis on new and important aspects of the study or observations
  • No references, illustrations, or references to illustrations are allowed in the abstract
  • The abstract should be structured with similar headings as in the main article (e.g. introduction, patient profile, interventions, conclusions)


Introduction and Patient Profile

This section provides information on the disease and its understanding in the current literature. It provides a context or background for the study including the nature of the problem and its significance to medical learners and scientists. Here, the article introduces the patient and the presentation, including history and physical exam. Important or compelling images may be referenced here to better understand the novelty of this patient and their disease manifestation. The goal is to provide enough information for the readers to form their own opinion and differential diagnosis, without being elusive or misleading.


Interventions and Outcomes

Describe the interventions and course of treatment with patient outcomes up to the last known interaction in a logical order. Emphasize or summarize only the most important observations; it may be helpful to place lab values or results in a table, but do not repeat all the data from the tables or illustrations in the text.



Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. It is useful to begin the discussion by summarizing briefly the main findings, then explore possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings, compare and contrast the results with other relevant studies, state the limitations of the study, and explore the implications of the findings for future research and for clinical practice. Authors may wish to comment on changes that would improve the course of diagnosis or treatment.

Bulleted Learning Points

Key information in this report that will lead to improvement in the care and/or treatment, in diagnosis, or awareness of this disease state should be distilled into bulleted learning points.

Learning points should be brief and concise, with a minimum of 3 and maximum of 6 (30 word max per point).



Please see the directions for formatting References.


Illustrations (Figures and Tables)

Should follow the same format as mentioned in the General Guidelines.


Copyright Notice

The Medical Student Research Journal is a scholarly journal by medical students supported by Michigan State University College of Human Medicine.

Authors grant unrestricted copyright license to MSRJ while retaining full copyright to their works. This means authors may distribute their work at their discretion, but may not alter the final product as published by MSRJ. Permissions for reproduction of final published article are granted by MSRJ, while pre-publication works are distributable at authors’ discretion.

Medical Student Research Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Based on a work at


Michigan State University logos used with permission.


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The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Please view our disclosures available on the general guidelines here.

This page was last updated on 2/15/2014 KCP.

Medical Reports & Case Studies (MRCS) is a peer-reviewed online open access journal which publishes original research work and case reports in all areas of clinical, medical & life sciences, which are not limited to diseases, symptoms, signs, diagnosis, treatment, new findings, techniques, outcomes of researches.

The journal is established to create a platform for researchers, practitioners and, health care professionals of all over the world to publish the extensive and exclusive research, important information about new findings of rare diseases or syndromes and their diagnostic tests, technical and scientific aspects of outcomes in clinical medicine.

Medical Reports & Case Studies is using Editorial Manager® System for maintaining the quality in peer review process. Editorial Manager is an online manuscript submission, review and tracking system. Review processing is performed by the editorial board members of Medical Reports & Case Studies or by outside experts. At least two independent reviewers approval followed by editor approval is required for acceptance of any citable manuscript. Authors may submit manuscripts and track their progress through the system, hopefully to publication. Reviewers can download manuscripts and submit their opinions to the editor. Editors can manage the whole submission/review/revise/publish process.

Case Reports in Dermatology

Dermatology is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin, nails, hair and its diseases. It is a specialty with both medical and surgical aspects. A dermatologist treats diseases, in the widest sense, and some cosmetic problems of the skin, scalp, hair, and nails.

Case Reports in Cardiology

Cardiology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the heart as well as parts of the circulatory system. The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology.

Case Reports in Neurology

Neurology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system. Neurology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of conditions and disease involving the central and peripheral nervous system (and its subdivisions, the autonomic nervous system and the somatic nervous system); including their coverings, blood vessels, and all effector tissue, such as muscle. Neurological practice relies heavily on the field of neuroscience, which is the scientific study of the nervous system.

Case Reports in Pediatrics

Pediatrics is the branch of medicine that involves the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends people be under pediatric care up to the age of 21.[1] A medical doctor who specializes in this area is known as a pediatrician, or paediatrician.

Dentistry Case Reports

Dentistry is a branch of medicine that consists of the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity, commonly in the dentition but also the oral mucosa, and of adjacent and related structures and tissues, particularly in the maxillofacial (jaw and facial) area.[2] Although primarily associated with teeth among the general public, the field of dentistry or dental medicine is not limited to teeth but includes other aspects of the craniofacial complex including the temperomandibular and other supporting structures.

Case Reports in Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eyeball and orbit.

Case Reports in Gastroenterology

Gastroenterology is the branch of medicine focused on the digestive system and its disorders. Diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract, which include the organs from mouth to anus, along the alimentary canal, are the focus of this speciality.


Surgery is an ancient medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate and/or treat a pathological condition such as disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues, and muscle. 

Related Journals of Surgery
Journal of Clinical Studies & Medical Case Reports, International Journal of Case Studies, BMJ Case Reports, International Journal of Surgery, American Journal of Surgery, International Journal of Surgery Case Reports

Alzheimer Disease

Alzheimer's disease is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and gets worse over time. As the disease advances, symptoms can include problems with language, disorientation, mood swings, loss of motivation, not managing self care, and behavioural issues. The disease process is associated with plaques and tangles in the brain.

Related Journals of  Alzheimer's disease
Journal of Clinical Studies & Medical Case Reports, International Journal of Case Studies, The Journal of the Alzheimers Association, American Journal of Alzheimers disease & Other Dementia, Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, International Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, The Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer’s Disease

Medical papers

The terms medical record, health record, and medical chart are used somewhat interchangeably to describe the systematic documentation of a single patient's medical history and care across time within one particular health care provider's jurisdiction. The medical record includes a variety of types of notes entered over time by health care professionals, recording observations and administration of drugs and therapies, orders for the administration of drugs and therapies, test results, x-rays, reports.

Related Journals of Medical Papers
Journal of Clinical Studies & Medical Case Reports, International Journal of Case Studies, BMJ Case Reports, The American Journal of Medicine, Indian Journal of Medical Research, New England Journal of Medicine, International Journal of Medical Sciences.

Electronic health record

An electronic health record, or electronic medical record, refers to the systematized collection of patient and population electronically-stored health information in a digital format.These records can be shared across different health care settings. Records are shared through network-connected, enterprise-wide information systems or other information networks and exchanges.

Related Journals of Electronic health record
Journal of Clinical Studies & Medical Case Reports, International Journal of Case Studies, BMJ Case Reports, New England Journal of Medicine, Journal of Patient safety, International Journal of Electronic Healthcare, Electronic Health record.

Medical Encounters

Medical encounters are marked by discrete summations of a patient's medical history by a physician, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant and can take several forms. Hospital admission documentation (i.e., when a patient requires hospitalization) or consultation by a specialist often take an exhaustive form, detailing the entirety of prior health and health care.

Related Journals of Medical Encounters
Journal of Clinical Studies & Medical Case Reports, International Journal of Case Studies, BMJ Case Reports, Communication medicine, American Academy on communication in Health care

Case Report

A case report is generally considered a type of anecdotal evidence. Given their intrinsic methodological limitations, including lack of statistical sampling, case reports are placed at the foot of the hierarchy of clinical evidence, together with case series. Nevertheless, case reports do have genuinely useful roles in medical research and evidence-based medicine. In particular, they have facilitated recognition of new diseases and adverse effects of treatments.

Related Journals of Case Report
Journal of Clinical Studies & Medical Case Reports, International Journal of Case Studies, BMJ Case Reports, Journal of Medical Case Reports, Journal of Case Reports, American Journal of Case Reports, International Journal of Surgery Case Reports

Clinical Trials Research

Clinical research is a branch of healthcare science that determines the safety and effectiveness (efficacy) of medications, devices, diagnostic products and treatment regimens intended for human use. These may be used for prevention, treatment, diagnosis or for relieving symptoms of a disease. Clinical research is different from clinical practice.

Related Journals of Clinical Trials Research
Journal of Clinical Studies & Medical Case Reports, International Journal of Case Studies, BMJ Case Reports, Journal of Clinical Research & Bioethics, Contemporary Clinical Trials, International Journal of Clinical trials, Open Access Journal of Clinical Trials, Clinical Trials, Journal of Clinical Medicine Research 

Medical Certificate

A medical certificate (sometimes referred to as a doctor's certificate) is a statement from a physician or other health care provider that attests to the result of a medical examination of a patient. It can serve as a "sick note" (documentation that an employee is unfit for work) or evidence of a health condition.

Related Journals of Medical Certificate
Journal of Clinical Studies & Medical Case Reports, International Journal of Case Studies, BMJ Case Reports, Science Journal of Clinical Medicine, International Journal of Applied Basic Medical Research, National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine

Medical Case

The medical history or case history of a patient is information gained by a physician by asking specific questions, either of the patient or of other people who know the person and can give suitable information, with the aim of obtaining information useful in formulating a diagnosis and providing medical care to the patient. The medically relevant complaints reported by the patient or others familiar with the patient are referred to as symptoms, in contrast with clinical signs, which are ascertained by direct examination on the part of medical personnel.

Related Journals of Medical Case
Journal of Clinical Studies & Medical Case Reports, International Journal of Case Studies, BMJ Case Reports, History International Medical Case Reports Journal, Journal of Medical Cases, Medical Case Studies

Medical Clinical Studies

Clinical trials are experiments done in clinical research. Clinical trials generate data on safety and efficacy. They are conducted only after they have received health authority/ethics committee approval in the country where approval of the therapy is sought. These authorities are responsible for vetting the risk/benefit ratio of the trial - their approval does not mean that the therapy is 'safe' or effective, only that the trial may be conducted.

Related Journals of Medical Clinical Studies

Journal of Clinical Studies & Medical Case Reports, International Journal of Case Studies, BMJ Case Reports, Journal of Clinical Studies, International Research Journal of Basic and Clinical Studies, Medical Case Studies

Surgical Case Reports

A case report is generally considered a type of anecdotal evidence. Nevertheless, case reports do have genuinely useful roles in medical research and evidence-based medicine. In particular, they have facilitated recognition of new diseases and adverse effects of treatments. Case reports can also play a relevant role in medical education, providing a structure for case-based learning.

Related Journals of Surgical Case Reports
Journal of Clinical Studies & Medical Case Reports, International Journal of Case Studies, BMJ Case Reports, Journal of Surgical Case Reports, International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, Case Reports in Surgery, Journal of Case Reports and Images in Surgery

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