How Do I Cite An Interview In A Research Paper

Important Note: Personal interviews are not included in the reference list because they do not provide recoverable data. Cite themIN TEXT ONLY.

Personal Communication Includes letters, phone calls, email messages, and interviews. (p. 179 section 6.20)

General Format 

 

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Interviewee First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, personal communication, Month Day,

      Year)

     

      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (Interviewee First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, personal communication, Month Day,

      Year)

 

      References:

      Not included

  

Example

 

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (J. Brown, personal communication, April 27, 2010)

 

      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (J. Brown, personal communication, April 27, 2010)

 

      References:
        Not included

     

  

The sources part of an APA reference list are only those that are traceable, and can be used by others. Because a personal interview does not constitute recoverable data, it should not be included in an APA reference list. Instead a personal interview should be referenced as a parenthetical citation. For example: (J. Smith, personal communication, May 17, 2008).

If you would like to include a personal interview as part of your APA reference list, then include the interviewee, the date of the interview, and the type of interview. See the fictional examples below:

Personal interview by phone 

Structure:

Soriano, A. (2008, April 5). Telephone interview.

Personal interview by email 

Structure:

Soriano, A. (2008, April 5). Email interview.

Personal interview in person 

Structure:

Soriano, A. (2008, April 5). Personal interview.

Personal interview overheard and conducted by a third party

Structure:

Soriano, A. (2008, April 5). Personal interview with K. Walter & J. Smith.

 


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