Influences Of The Renaissance Upon The Founding Of America
- Length: 498 words (1.4 double-spaced pages)
- Rating: Excellent
The Renaissance was the most influential time period in the discovery of America. During the Renaissance, which lasted from the 14th century to the 17th century, great advancements were made in methods of navigation. Also, the greatest goal of almost every nation and empire was to claim new lands and seize its riches. The desire for the land motivated some to move westward. Another motive to expand during the Renaissance was the will to convert the native "heathens" into Christians.
The Renaissance, which began in Italy in the 1300s, was one of the largest periods of growth and development in Western Europe. Navigation was no longer limited to traveling about by land. Large fleets of ships were constructed, and great navigational schools, the best founded by Prince Henry the Navigator in Portugal, were founded. People were no longer tied to the lands they lived on, as they were in medieval times. They were freer to learn new skills and travel. These enabled people to go further than they had before. Fleets of ships were sent to the Eastern world to bring back treasures and valuable spices. Routes to Asia were traveled beginning in the early Renaissance.
The most posing problems with the set routes to Asia, which went around the Cape of Good Hope and along the coast of Africa, were that it was very dangerous due to enemy colonies along the route and was also very long. These problems made some people, including Christopher Columbus, decide to turn to the west to find safer and faster routes to the riches of Asia. What they found was the Americas. Believing that he would reach Asia, Columbus accidentally found a new continent, full of new riches and unclaimed lands. All of this occurred near the end of the Renaissance, beginning with the founding of America in 1492, near the end of the 15th century.
Europe flocked to this New World, and founded many colonies, including the Thirteen Colonies, founded by Great Britain, which later became the first states in the United States of America. From these colonies, they extracted the wealth of and gold and spices that they sought in Asia. Additionally, they would convert the native people of the lands to Christianity. Columbus saw himself as a messenger of G-d, who brought salvation to the natives by converting them. Missionaries were built wherever a colony was founded, and often along the route of an exploration.
How to Cite this Page
| Essay on The Influence of The English Renaissance - What is the English Renaissance. It was known as the period of rebirth and was the period in European civilization that immediately followed the middle ages. Its popularity grew by a surge of interest in classical learning and values. It was primarily a time of revival after a long period of social decline and stagnation. The renaissance was a cultural and artistic movement dating from the early 16th to the early 17th centuries. It is associated with the pan-European renaissance that many cultural historians believe originated in Tuscany.... [tags: European Renaissance Essays]|
:: 6 Works Cited
| Impact of Music of the Harlem Renaissance Upon the Artists of Today Essay - Impact of Music of the Harlem Renaissance Upon the Artists of Today Musicians during the Harlem Renaissance created a style and movement that simply took Americans by storm. Musicians such as Duke Ellington and Louis Armstrong have inspired others all over the country. The Renaissance itself was not only an observation of life for African Americans, but it also showed Americans that they have a place in society. All of the musicians, writers, and artists shared a common purpose. This purpose was to create art that reflected the Afro American community.... [tags: Cause Effect Music Harlem Renaissance Essays]|
:: 5 Works Cited
| The Influence of Renaissance in Art and Architecture Essay - The influences of any era is evident through artwork and architecture. During the Middle Ages the main influence was the church, this is evident through the focus on biblical and religious symbols. During the Renaissance the main focus was the study of people. This is shown through the increase in self portraits and classical antiquity-inspired buildings. The change between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance is best shown through the art and architecture, demonstrated specifically through an emphasis on religion and classical antiquity, both suggesting a clear cultural change.... [tags: middle ages, renaissance, architecture]|
:: 2 Works Cited
| The Age of The Renaissance Essay - The Middle Ages is considered by many historians a time period of ignorance, where little or no advancements took place. The church was the center of attention, and instead of a philosophical view of the world, beliefs were centered around superstitions. On the other hand, the rebirth of education and advancements that followed the Middle Ages and was labeled as the Renaissance. There have been arguments as to whether the Renaissance is actually a separate time period, or instead, just a high point of the Middle Ages.... [tags: The Renaissance]|
:: 8 Works Cited
|The Medici Influence and the Italian Renaissance Essay - A post Middle Age Italy was afflicted by medieval wars and the bubonic plague. A change was needed to restore the vision of what Italy could become. This change was found within one family: the Medici’s, who helped to return the glory and influence to Florence. The Medici’s saw the value in contributing to the advancement of the greatest minds of the period. This was evident in their patronage of leading Artists such as Michelangelo and of renowned Teachers such as Galileo. The sphere of influence the Medici’s enjoyed also extended to the political arena, which happened to be heavily influenced by the Catholic Church at the time.... [tags: European Renaissance Essays]||1195 words|
| The Medici Influence and the Italian Renaissance Essays - Post-Middle Age Italy was afflicted by medieval wars and the bubonic plague. It needed a change to restore the vision of what Italy could become. This change revealed itself within the Medici family, who helped return glory and influence to Florence. The Medici family saw the value in contributing to the advancement of the greatest minds of the period. This was evident in their patronage of leading artists such as Michelangelo and of renowned teachers such as Galileo. The sphere of influence the Medicis enjoyed also extended to the political arena, which happened to be heavily influenced by the Catholic Church at the time.... [tags: European Renaissance Essays]|
:: 8 Works Cited
|The Renaissance Era Essay - During the Renaissance era, the main concept was that it put human life, security, and religion at the interior. Renaissance literally means “rebirth” and it is a perfect visualization of what the renaissance was. The renaissance was a era of peace and prosperity which gave people a chance to be creative and passionate about their loves in life; whether it be painting or sculpting of theatre or music or any other thing in life. In the renaissance many inventions and discoveries were made. A few examples would be the exploring of continents, Ptolemaic astronomy, the decline of feudal system, paper, printing, the compass, and of course, the use of gunpowder.... [tags: European Renaissance Essays]||873 words|
|The Renaissance Essay - During the 1400s and 1500s in mainly Italy there was a major change that took place in all aspects of life. This was called the Renaissance and was a movement that helped give rebirth to culture and the arts. This movement went away from the medieval times that had forced a feudalist system on its people. The Medieval times were a dark period in European history that saw a major decline in arts and government. This declining can be attributed to a number of different reasons. One of which was the Bubonic Plague that spread throughout Europe and Asia and killed millions of its inhabitants.... [tags: History Renaissance Europe]||1582 words|
| Essay about Renaissance Venice - Venice Italy is best known today for its culture and romantic canals. With the exotic way the city was construction and the backdrop of the ever-changing light caused by the waters of the canals, it has been romantically portrayed in many paintings, plays, movies, songs and operas. The once city state was a major trading empire. Located on the north end of the Adriatic Sea it was ideal for merchant shipping. Specializing in trade with the Byzantine Empire and the eastern world, Venice established a stable and prosperous economy.... [tags: Renaissance Essays]|
:: 8 Works Cited
|Essay on The Renaissance - The Renaissance Due to the work of Byzantine and Islamic scholars, ancient Greek science and scholarship found their way into the West. Europeans had been separated from their classical cultural heritage for almost eight centuries. No other world civilization had experienced such a disjunction from its cultural past. There were many events in history prior to this that led to the unfolding of this classic revival. Between 1300 and 1500, education had become far more accessible, their was the birth of humanism, and the invention of the printing press.... [tags: European Renaissance Essays]||846 words|
Renaissance Influences Early Renaissance 15th Century 14th Century Medieval Times 17th Century Riches Western Europe Lands
California is littered with large cities, like San Diego and San Francisco, which began as small missionaries. Many of our nation's major cities would not be as prevalent in our history, and perhaps may have not existed, were it not for the missionaries.
The basic motives for Europe during the Renaissance - the desire for new lands, riches, and Christians - drew Europe to the west. Without the advancements made in navigational methods and the urge for expansion that the Renaissance fueled, our nation would not exist, at least in the context it does today.
Christopher Columbus has been the subject of many biographies for a long time now. There was a time when Christopher Columbus’ achievement was celebrated widely. Many songwriters, statesmen and poets used to refer to the U.S. as ‘Columbia’ which was a Latin version of the explorer that the District of Columbia became the seat of the government. He was seen as the symbol of Italian achievement. But Christopher Columbus has a complicated legacy that continues to be divisive. But to others, Christopher Columbus is demonized especially for detention of hundreds of undocumented immigrants in the U.S. This essay will focus on the life of Christopher Columbus and his impact and its interpretation by historians. We will also discuss the voyager’s life career and his activities in the U.S. during those times.
Christopher Columbus biography
Christopher Columbus was born in the Italian city of Genoa in May 1451. His father was a weaver and one day he took the little boy to the shores of the sea where he used to sell his wares. Columbus was thrilled by what he saw. He was later to participate in several trading voyages as a teenager in the Mediterranean Sea. He completed the voyages that across the Atlantic Ocean that brought awareness of the American continent to the Europeans. It is through these voyages that the Spanish colonization was established on and later brought about European colonization.
Columbus earlier voyages were in the Mediterranean Sea where most of his countrymen frequented. In 13 august 1476, Columbus was given an opportunity by the Genoa commercial expedition to sail into the Atlantic Ocean. This was to be the beginning of his expeditions. In around 1481, he sailed to what is now Ghana and was impressed by the riches he saw. His voyages experiences led him to his plan of planning to reach the east by going west; the enterprise of the Indies. The great view to him at this time was to find out a passage by sea to the West Indies (Christopher Columbus Biography).
Christopher Columbus was on a voyage on the 12th October 1492 when he accidentally discovered America although he was on a voyage to discover a route from Europe to Asia. He had four other different voyages to the Caribbean from 1492 to 1504 and was convinced that he had discovered the lands that Marco Polo had discovered earlier in his voyages to China. After the discovery, Columbus was convinced that it was a matter of time before a passage was found connecting the Caribbean Islands to the Asian cities (Christopher Columbus Biography).
Although not the first European to reach the American continent, a Scandinavian Vikings was there earlier in the late 10th or 11th century, Columbus explorations had a great effect on the world. Through his explorations, there was a direct opening of the western hemisphere to European colonization. This is what also led to, in large scale, the exchange of plants, cultures, animals and ideas between two different worlds. The explorations also led to deaths of millions of indigenous Americans from introduction of new diseases, forced labor and war that claimed a large percentage of lives (Christopher Columbus Biography).
Christopher Columbus heroism and hope
The second Monday of every October is celebrated in American and is called as Columbus Day. This is a celebration of the man who is credited to have discovered America. Schools all over the country teach about Columbus as a great national hero.
No one wanted to test the Atlantic Sea but Columbus although with trouble finding a crew to venture across the Atlantic, scraped 90 men and set out. When they passed an erupting volcano for example, the sailors were terrified thinking the billowing smoke was an evil omen but Columbus calmed them and explained the cause of the smoke. When winds blew pushing them further west, the screw cast dark crowds against Columbus. The crew met thick seaweed on their way, and the men feared that it would entangle their rudders. The crew only saw birds in the air and nothing more. The crew sulked and sullen saw mutiny. They decided to throw the admiral into the sea and force the pilot to turn round back to Spain. But Columbus was not willing and he urged them on. Then on October 12, 1492 was the day that dawn raised a new world from the wells (Bennett and Cribb, Pg.13).
Columbus is regarded as the person who accurately brought America into the forefront of western attention. Columbus achievement is widely celebrated in Europe and America. Songwriters, statesmen, poets and other groups have referred to America as ‘Columbia’ which was a Latin word for Columbus the explorer. Even the District of Columbia was made the government’s seat. Renowned Joaquin Miller’s poem ‘Sail on! Sail on! Sail on!’ was a resolute for generation of schoolchildren in which Columbus ordered his mates to continue sailing (Bennett and Cribb, Pg.13).
Image of Columbus as a villain
Like Columbus the hero that we have seen above, Columbus the villain is also the same character with some complaints. Although it is true that he discovered America, Christopher Columbus was a murderer who erased the original natives inhabiting the land. With his men, they destroyed people, culture and land. These are not heroic deeds, or are they? This was a man who was never respectful of the people he met in his voyages. He is said to have described the native Indians as attractive unclothed people, this was like saying that nakedness was lack of respect, culture and religion to him. He considered the natives as a defenseless people who he could make slaves. His letters show arrogance while possessing their islands (DeWitt, Whitney).
In recent times though, Columbus heroism has fallen out of favor with some people. A magazine that does surveys, The Smithsonian, reported that in its survey of the famous people in American history, Columbus was missing. This is because in some quarters Columbus is seen as the reason for the terrible invasion by Europeans for the New World. According to the survey, it is Columbus arrival that conquest, slavery and death came to be known (Bennett and Cribb, Pg.13).
This is true. Columbus legacy has a lot of tragedy. This includes slavery of some American Indians, cause for spread of some diseases that caused deaths and reducing populations as a result. Before Columbus’ time in American history, slavery was unheard of and was just but a pervasive life fact. With him he also brought such diseases as small pox and other diseases whose consequences the new world did not anticipate. Americans knew little about diseases but were greatly affected by what Columbus and his men had brought with them. To the Americans, it made no sense to be indicted for failing to meet science standards and that of human rights (Bennett and Cribb, Pg.13).
Columbus most celebrated part was the voyage itself. According to historians it was the most momentous voyage in modern history. But therein lies Columbus’s problem that has dogged him since then, when historians take this triumph out, then they view the American history through negative prism with little space left for celebrating Columbus heroics voyage across the Atlantic (Bennett and Cribb, Pg.13).
In a dueling event at Boston recently, after the explorer was embraced as a symbol of achievement for Italy, he was demonized in a later event that afternoon outside Suffolk county house in Roxbury. Hundreds of students demonstrated and protested the detention of undocumented immigrants in the county blaming Columbus for all that. The protestors had a different opinion about Columbus much celebrated image. They retorted at being told to honor a man they claim represents the worst kind of humanity. According to one of the organizers Alex Papali, they were doing the right thing by standing 500 years of mind control. This statement meant that they have been made to believe that Columbus was a good man who opened America to the European continent. The detainees also called attention to the unusual cruel punishments that has now become part of the immigrant enforcement policies (MacQuarrie, Brian pg.3).
Christopher Columbus is a great Italian voyager credited to discovering America. He is seen as a hero whose day is celebrated yearly on the second of every October. Columbus achievement is widely celebrated in Europe and America. He is credited to have brought America to the western civilization. America was about to be named Columbus but many the capita, many streets and rivers are named after this great man. And for that schools all over the country teach about Columbus heroic deeds. But on the other side of this hero is a story that is exactly the opposite of these great deeds.
Apart from discovering America, Columbus is accused by all manner of things. He is accused of bringing with him diseases that reduced the American population greatly. It was through him that great wars were fought especially due to his arrogance. He is thus seen as a murderer who not only destroyed people but also a culture. He is accused of being a great human rights abuser. Some historians sum up all these and claim that Columbus was no way a hero, but a destroyer of the entire population.
Custom Christopher Columbus Essay
- The Treaty of Versailles
- African Slave Trade
- Women Career Success During the Renaissance
- Two Questions